Voting measures – Ballotpedia News
Welcome to Friday October 29, Brew.
By: Doug Kronaizl
We are finishing the last full week before the general election on November 2. Every day this week, we’ve brought you previews of Battleground Races at all levels of government. Here is the schedule:
Today we dive into our coverage of national and local electoral measures. There have been 39 statewide ballot metrics certified for the 2021 poll in nine states, 24 of which are vying for a November 2 vote. Additionally, we cover over 150 local ballot metrics across 18 states. Click here to see our top 15 to watch. We will take a look at some of the more interesting ones below.
Colorado Proposition 119
Colorado’s Proposition 119 is a citizen-initiated measure that would create the Learning Enrichment and Academic Advancement program, also known as the LEAP program, and gradually increase the retail sales tax on marijuana by 15 to 20% to partially fund the program.
The LEAP program would provide extracurricular services which would include, but are not limited to, the following:
- tutoring in the main subjects,
- teaching of English and foreign languages,
- career and technical training,
- emotional and physical therapy,
- mental health services,
- special support for students with special needs, and
Colorado limits the types of metrics that can appear on the ballot in odd-numbered years to matters concerning tax or state tax matters arising from the TABOR, the Taxpayer Bill of Rights. TABOR requires voter approval for all new taxes and associated changes. It also limits the amount of money the state can spend, with the excess being returned to taxpayers unless voters allow the state to spend it. If Proposition 119 is approved, any income from the increased marijuana sales tax would be considered approved by voters and exempt from the TABOR provisions.
Maine Question 1 is a citizen-initiated measure that would ban the construction of certain power transmission lines in the Haut Kennebec region of the state unless approved by two-thirds of the members of both houses of the legislature. . Question 1 was to stop construction of Segment 1 of the New England Clean Energy Connect (NECEC), a 145 mile long high voltage transmission line project in the region.
According to campaign funding reports through October 19, Question 1 had seen $ 94.0 million raised between supporters and opponents. Question 1 could also see the highest cost per vote ratio for a voting metric ever recorded by Ballotpedia. If the turnout in November is similar to that of recent electoral cycles (between 17% and 34% from 2015 to 2019), between 203,000 and 380,000 voters could vote. This would translate into a cost per vote ratio of between $ 247 and $ 463.
Of the five highest cost-per-vote ratios since 2017, three were for energy-related policies. Voters rejected the five. Here’s a closer look at these five highest cost-per-vote ratios with Maine’s estimates for comparison:
According to Bangor Daily News, Question 1 is the most expensive ballot measure in Maine history and the second most expensive political election in the state after the $ 200 million U.S. Senate race in 2020.
New Jersey Public Question 1
New Jersey Public Question 1 is a statutory constitutional amendment that would allow betting on college athletic competitions. Currently, the state constitution allows sports betting, except on games hosted in New Jersey and games featuring college teams based in New Jersey. Public Question 1 would expand sports betting to include all college sports competitions.
New Jersey legalized sports betting in 2011, but, due to federal laws, this was not implemented until after the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 2018 Murphy v. NCAA.
As of July 2021, sports betting was legal, or laws to legalize the practice had been approved, in 30 states. Of those 30 states, 17 allowed betting on state college sports. In the Mid-Atlantic, Maryland and Pennsylvania allow college sports betting in the state, while the practice is banned in Delaware and New York.
Texas Proposition 6
Texas Proposition 6 is a statutory constitutional amendment that would allow residents of state-sponsored nursing homes, assisted living facilities, or living centers to designate an essential caregiver who cannot be banned from returning visit to resident. It would also empower the Texas state legislature to pass facility guidelines to establish visiting policies and procedures for essential caregivers.
This amendment was introduced as a result of responses to the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. On March 15, 2020, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission ordered nursing facilities to prohibit non-essential visitors from accessing facilities. At that time, the ordinance applied to 1,222 licensed and regulated nursing facilities serving approximately 90,000 residents.
Proposition 6 is one of eight constitutional amendments voted in Texas in November. Since 2011, the state legislature has placed an average of nine measures on each odd-year general election ballot. Most recently, in November 2019, voters approved nine of the 10 amendments on the ballot. In total, since 1876, when the current state constitution was adopted, it has been amended 507 times.
Notable local police-related voting measures
In addition to our regular local coverage, Ballotpedia also covered a selection of notable policy-related voting metrics both inside and outside our coverage area. Our inclusion criteria include the following prompts:
- Is the measure proposed in response to events involving the use of force by the police or related demonstrations?
- Are references to police use of force, related protests, or proposed cuts in law enforcement funding central to the message of campaigns supporting or opposing the measure?
- Is the topic of the measure related to a list of issues, including police surveillance, law enforcement budgets, and body and dash camera images?
Ballotpedia covers six notable actions related to the local police poll November 2. Here’s a list with a quick rundown of what they would do if adopted:
Albany, NY, Proposition 7: Increase the authority of the Community Policing Review Committee over the investigation and oversight of police complaints.
Austin, Texas, Proposition A: Requires a minimum number of police officers and some police training and sets guidelines for demographically representative hiring practices.
Bellingham, Wash., Initiative 2: Bans facial recognition and predictive policing technology.
Denver, Colorado, Referred Question 2G: Transfers the authority to appoint the independent monitor to the office of the independent monitor from the mayor to the citizens’ watchdog. The office is responsible for disciplinary investigations involving Denver Police and Sheriff’s Services.
Minneapolis, Minn., Question 2: Replaces the police department with a public safety department in the city charter.
Cleveland, Ohio, Number 24: Changes the oversight structure of the Cleveland Police Department.
These six measures join the six Ballotpedia already covered, of which three were adopted and three were defeated.
A look towards 2022
As of October 28, 2021, 61 statewide voting metrics were certified in 29 states for the 2022 poll.
The total number of statewide voting metrics has declined by 45% over the past two decades, from 235 in 2000 to 129 in 2020. In the current cycle, 55 metrics have returned to the ballot or set for a vote automatically and six measures that were placed on the ballot by the citizens.
The numbers for 2022 will likely increase due to upcoming legislative sessions and signature filing deadlines.